Urticaria Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Urticaria

urticaria, also known as Hives, affects about 20 percent of people at some time during their lives. We are here to provide you with top-notch care and guidance to tackle your problems.

Urticaria Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai

Understanding urticaria


Hives — also called urticaria (ur-tih-KAR-e-uh) — is a skin reaction that causes itchy welts. Chronic hives are welts that last for more than six weeks and return often over months or years. Often, the cause of chronic hives isn’t clear.

The welts often start as itchy patches that turn into swollen welts that vary in size. These welts appear and fade at random as the reaction runs its course.

Chronic hives can be very uncomfortable and interfere with sleep and daily activities. For many people, anti-itch medications (antihistamines) provide relief.


Symptoms of chronic hives include:

  • Batches of welts (wheals) that can arise anywhere on the body
  • Welts that might be red, purple or skin-colored, depending on your skin color
  • Welts that vary in size, change shape, and appear and fade repeatedly
  • Itchiness (pruritus), which can be intense
  • Painful swelling (angioedema) around the eyes, cheeks or lips
  • Flares triggered by heat, exercise or stress
  • Symptoms that persist for more than six weeks and recur often and anytime, sometimes for months or years


The welts that come with hives are caused by the release of immune system chemicals, such as histamine, into your bloodstream. It’s often not known why chronic hives happen or why short-term hives sometimes turn into a long-term problem.

The skin reaction may be triggered by:

  • Heat or cold
  • Sunlight
  • Vibration, such as caused by jogging or using lawnmowers
  • Pressure on the skin, as from a tight waistband
  • Medical conditions, such as thyroid disease, infection, allergy and cancer


Chronic hives don’t put you at sudden risk of a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). If you do get hives as part of a severe allergic reaction, seek emergency care. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include dizziness, trouble breathing, and swelling of the tongue, lips, mouth or throat.


To lower your likelihood of experiencing hives or angioedema, take the following precautions:

  • Avoid known triggers: If you know what has triggered your hives, try to avoid that substance.
  • Bathe and change your clothes: If pollen or animal contact has triggered your hives in the past, take a bath or shower and change your clothes if you’re exposed to pollen or animals.


To diagnose chronic hives, your health care provider will likely talk with you about your symptoms and look at your skin. One of the telling features of chronic hives is that the welts come and go at random. You might be asked to keep a diary to keep track of:

  • Your activities
  • Any medications, herbal remedies or supplements you take
  • What you eat and drink
  • Where hives appear and how long it takes a welt to fade and whether it leaves behind a bruise or other mark
  • Whether your hives come with painful swelling

You may also need blood tests to determine the cause of your symptoms. An accurate diagnosis will guide your treatment options. If needed to clarify the diagnosis, your doctor might take a skin sample (biopsy) to examine under a microscope.


Treatment for chronic hives often starts with nonprescription anti-itch drugs (antihistamines). If these don’t help, your health care provider might suggest that you try one or more of these treatments:

Prescription anti-itch drugs: The usual treatment for chronic hives is prescription antihistamine pills that don’t make you drowsy. These drugs ease itching, swelling and other allergy symptoms. Daily use of these drugs helps block the symptom-producing release of histamine. Examples include:

  • Cetirizine
  • Desloratadine (Clarinex)
  • Fexofenadine

These medications have few side effects. If the nondrowsy antihistamines don’t help you, your health care provider may increase the dose or add another type of antihistamine.

Check with your health care provider before taking any of these medications if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, have a long-term medical condition, or take other medications.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Chronic hives can go on for months and years. They can interfere with sleep, work and other activities. The following self-care tips may help you manage your condition:

  • Avoid triggers: These can include foods, medications, pollen, pet dander, latex and insect stings. If you think a medication caused your welts, stop using it and contact your primary care provider. Some studies suggest that stress or fatigue can trigger hives.
  • Use a nonprescription anti-itch drug: A nonprescription anti-itch (antihistamine) pill that doesn’t cause drowsiness may help ease itching. Examples include loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, others) and cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy).
  • Apply cold: Soothe the skin by covering the itchy area with a cold washcloth or rubbing an ice cube over it for a few minutes.
  • Take a comfortably cool shower or bath: Some people might relieve itching in the short term by taking a cool shower or bath. Try sprinkling the bath water with baking soda or oatmeal powder (Aveeno, others).
  • Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion: Try a cream with menthol for a soothing effect.
  • Wear loose, smooth-textured cotton clothing: Avoid wearing clothing that’s rough, tight, scratchy or made from wool.
  • Protect your skin from the sun: Liberally apply sunscreen about a half hour before going outdoors. When outdoors, seek shade to help relieve discomfort.
  • Track your symptoms: Keep a diary of when and where hives occur, what you were doing, what you were eating, and so on. This may help you and your health care provider identify triggers.
Frequently Asked Question on Urticaria
How long does urticaria last?
Acute urticaria can last for a few hours to several weeks and is often triggered by a specific cause. Chronic urticaria lasts for more than six weeks and may persist for months or even years.
Can stress cause urticaria?
Yes, stress can trigger or exacerbate urticaria in some individuals. Emotional stress may contribute to the release of certain chemicals in the body that can lead to the development of hives.
Is urticaria contagious?
No, urticaria is not contagious. It is an immune system response to a trigger, and it cannot be transmitted from one person to another through contact.
How is urticaria diagnosed?
Diagnosis is typically based on a physical examination, medical history, and an evaluation of the symptoms. In some cases, allergy testing or blood tests may be recommended to identify potential triggers.
Can urticaria be prevented?
Preventing urticaria involves identifying and avoiding triggers. If triggers are unknown or difficult to avoid, medications such as antihistamines may be used for prevention.
Angioedema is a condition characterized by deep swelling, often in the face, lips, or throat. It can occur alongside urticaria, and together they are referred to as chronic urticaria and angioedema.
When should I seek medical attention for urticaria?

While mild cases of urticaria may not require medical attention, it’s important to seek medical help if symptoms are severe, if there is swelling of the face or throat, or if there is difficulty breathing, as these can be signs of a serious allergic reaction.