Phobia Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Phobia

A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes an individual to experience extreme, irrational fear about a situation, living creature, place, or object. We are here to provide you with top-notch care and guidance to tackle your problems.

Understanding Phobia


A person with a phobia will experience the following symptoms. They are common across the majority of phobias:

  • A sensation of uncontrollable anxiety when exposed to the source of fear
  • A feeling that the source of that fear must be avoided at all costs
  • Not being able to function properly when exposed to the trigger
  • Acknowledgment that the fear is irrational, unreasonable, and exaggerated, combined with an inability to control the feelings

A person is likely to experience feelings of panic and intense anxiety when exposed to the object of their phobia. The physical effects of these sensations can include:

  • Sweating
  • Abnormal breathing
  • Accelerated heartbeat
  • Trembling
  • Hot flushes or chills
  • A choking sensation
  • Chest pains or tightness
  • Butterflies in the stomach
  • Pins and needles
  • Dry Mouth
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Headache

A feeling of anxiety can be produced simply by thinking about the object of the phobia. In younger children, parents may observe that they cry, become very clingy, or attempt to hide behind the legs of a parent or an object. They may also throw tantrums to show their distress.

What causes phobia

Phobias are when your brain takes fear and anxiety to extreme degrees. Under ordinary circumstances, these emotions can be protective and helpful. They’re your brain’s way of warning you that something is wrong and you might be (or currently are) in danger. But experts don’t fully understand why these emotions can turn into phobias. However, several factors and processes may contribute to having a phobia. These include:

  • Traumatic experiences: These can be experiences that happen to you or that you see happen to someone else.
  • Genetics: Certain types of phobias are more likely to happen in people who have a relative with that type of phobia. The types with higher rates in family members are animal, blood/medical procedure/injury and situational phobias.
  • Informational transmission: Some phobias may happen because of things you learn about or things you see or hear repeatedly.
  • Learned fears: People can learn about the phobias or fears of others and may develop a phobia as a result. This may be a factor in why people with overprotective parents may be more likely to have specific phobia.


The most common specific phobias in the U.S. include:
  • Claustrophobia: Fear of being in constricted, confined spaces
  • Aerophobia: Fear of flying
  • Arachnophobia: Fear of spiders
  • Driving phobia: Fear of driving a car
  • Emetophobia: Fear of vomiting
  • Erythrophobia: Fear of blushing
  • Hypochondria: Fear of becoming ill
  • Zoophobia: Fear of animals
  • Aquaphobia: Fear of water
  • Acrophobia: Fear of heights
  • Blood, injury, and injection (BII) phobia: Fear of injuries involving blood.
  • Escalaphobia: Fear of escalators
  • Tunnel phobia: Fear of tunnels

How the brain works during a Phobia

Some areas of the brain store and recall dangerous or potentially deadly events.

If a person faces a similar event later on in life, those areas of the brain retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes more than once. This causes the body to experience the same reaction.

In a phobia, the areas of the brain that deal with fear and stress keep retrieving the frightening event inappropriately.

Researchers have found that phobias are often linked to the amygdala, which lies behind the pituitary gland in the brain. The amygdala can trigger the release of “fight-or-flight” hormones. These put the body and mind in a highly alert and stressed state.


Phobias are highly treatable, and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder. This helps diagnosis a great deal.

Speaking to a psychologist or psychiatrist is a useful first step in treating a phobia that has already been identified.

If the phobia does not cause severe problems, most people find that simply avoiding the source of their fear helps them stay in control. Many people with specific phobias will not seek treatment as these fears are often manageable.

It is not possible to avoid the triggers of some phobias, as is often the case with complex phobias. In these cases, speaking to a mental health professional can be the first step to recovery.

Most phobias can be cured with appropriate treatment. There is no single treatment that works for every person with a phobia. Treatment needs to be tailored to the individual for it to work.

The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may recommend behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both. Therapy is aimed at reducing fear and anxiety symptoms and helping people manage their reactions to the object of their phobia.

Behavioral Therapy

There are a number of therapeutic options for treating a phobia.

Desensitization, or exposure therapy

This can help people with a phobia alter their response to the source of fear. They are gradually exposed to the cause of their phobia over a series of escalating steps. For example, a person with aerophobia, or a fear of flying on a plane, may take the following steps under guidance:

  1. They will first think about flying.
  2. The therapist will have them look at pictures of planes.
  3. The person will go to an airport.
  4. They will escalate further by sitting in a practice simulated airplane cabin.
  5. Finally, they will board a plane.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

The doctor, therapist, or counselor helps the person with a phobia learn different ways of understanding and reacting to the source of their phobia. This can make coping easier. Most importantly, CBT can teach a person experiencing phobia to control their own feelings and thoughts.

Frequently Asked Question on Phobia
What is a phobia?

A phobia is an intense and irrational fear of a specific object, situation, or activity that poses little or no actual threat but triggers significant anxiety and avoidance behavior.

Are phobias common?

Yes, phobias are relatively common. Specific phobias are more prevalent, affecting millions of people worldwide.

Can medication help with phobias?

Medications, such as anti-anxiety medications or beta-blockers, may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms associated with phobias. However, they are often used in conjunction with therapy.

Is there a difference between a fear and a phobia?

Yes, while fear is a normal emotional response to a real or perceived threat, a phobia involves an intense and irrational fear that can significantly impact daily life.

Can phobias be prevented?

It may not be possible to prevent all phobias, but early intervention and addressing fears in a supportive manner can help reduce the likelihood of phobia development.

Can virtual reality be used in phobia treatment?

Yes, virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) is an emerging treatment modality that utilizes virtual environments to simulate the feared object or situation in a controlled and therapeutic setting.

Can phobias coexist with other mental health conditions?

Yes, phobias can coexist with other mental health conditions, such as anxiety disorders, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Is it possible to overcome a phobia without treatment?

While some individuals may naturally outgrow specific phobias, treatment is often beneficial for managing and overcoming phobias effectively.