Diabetic Foot Care Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetic foot care is crucial for preventing complications. We offer comprehensive exams, education, and customized treatments to support your foot health and overall well-being.

Understanding Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetic foot care is a critical aspect of managing diabetes and preventing serious complications associated with foot health. Individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing foot problems due to nerve damage (neuropathy), reduced blood flow (peripheral artery disease), and compromised immune function. These factors can lead to foot ulcers, infections, and, in severe cases, amputation if not properly managed.

Proactive foot care begins with regular self-examinations to check for any signs of injury, irritation, or changes in sensation. It’s essential to inspect the feet daily for blisters, cuts, redness, swelling, and other abnormalities. Any foot injuries should be promptly addressed to prevent complications.

Maintaining proper foot hygiene is crucial. This includes washing the feet daily with mild soap and lukewarm water, drying them thoroughly, especially between the toes, and moisturizing to prevent dryness and cracking. However, it’s essential to avoid moisturizing between the toes, as excessive moisture in this area can lead to fungal infections.

Trimming toenails carefully and straight across can help prevent ingrown toenails and other nail problems. It’s best to avoid cutting the nails too short or rounding the edges, as this can increase the risk of ingrown toenails and injury.

Wearing appropriate footwear is essential for individuals with diabetes. Shoes should provide adequate support, cushioning, and protection to reduce the risk of foot injuries. It’s crucial to avoid shoes that are too tight or too loose, as well as high heels or open-toed shoes that can increase pressure on the feet and lead to complications.

Managing blood sugar levels effectively is also vital for diabetic foot care. High blood sugar levels can impair circulation and nerve function, increasing the risk of foot problems. Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly, following a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and taking prescribed medications as directed by a healthcare professional can help keep blood sugar levels within target ranges.

Regular foot examinations by a healthcare professional, such as a podiatrist, are essential for individuals with diabetes. These exams can help detect any foot issues early and provide appropriate treatment and preventive measures. Additionally, individuals with diabetes should receive comprehensive foot care education to empower them to take proactive steps in managing their foot health and reducing the risk of complications.

What causes foot problems for diabetic people?

Diabetic foot care is not a condition but rather a proactive approach to managing foot health in individuals with diabetes. However, several factors can contribute to foot problems in people with diabetes, leading to the need for vigilant foot care:

Neuropathy: Diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage, is a common complication of diabetes. It can result in loss of sensation in the feet, making it difficult to detect injuries, ulcers, or other foot problems.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD): Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels, leading to poor circulation, particularly in the lower extremities. Reduced blood flow to the feet can impair healing and increase the risk of infections and other complications.

High blood sugar levels: Persistently elevated blood sugar levels can damage nerves and blood vessels over time, contributing to neuropathy and PAD. Poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of foot problems and delays healing.

Foot deformities: Certain foot deformities, such as hammertoes, bunions, or Charcot foot, can increase pressure on specific areas of the feet, leading to calluses, ulcers, or other foot issues.

Poor footwear choices: Wearing ill-fitting shoes or shoes that do not provide adequate support and protection can contribute to foot problems in individuals with diabetes. High heels, pointed toes, or shoes that are too tight can increase pressure on the feet and lead to friction, blisters, or ulcers.

Trauma: Even minor injuries, such as cuts, blisters, or abrasions, can become serious problems in individuals with diabetes due to impaired sensation and compromised healing. Trauma to the feet should be promptly addressed and treated to prevent complications.

Smoking: Smoking is a significant risk factor for peripheral artery disease and can further compromise blood flow to the feet. Individuals with diabetes who smoke are at an increased risk of foot problems and should quit smoking to reduce this risk.

Poor foot care habits: Neglecting foot care, such as failing to inspect the feet regularly, not wearing appropriate footwear, or not moisturizing dry skin, can increase the risk of foot problems in individuals with diabetes.


Symptoms of Diabetic Foot Complications:


Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Proper foot hygiene: Regularly washing and drying feet, keeping nails trimmed, and moisturizing dry skin.
  • Healthy lifestyle: Maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, managing blood sugar levels, and avoiding smoking to improve circulation and overall foot health.
  • Footwear: Wearing comfortable, well-fitting shoes with cushioned soles and adequate support to prevent pressure points and reduce the risk of injuries.


  • Antibiotics: Prescribed to treat bacterial infections in diabetic foot ulcers.
  • Topical treatments: Antifungal or antibacterial creams or ointments to manage skin infections.
  • Pain relievers: Over-the-counter or prescription pain medications to alleviate foot discomfort or neuropathic pain.

Non-Surgical Treatments:

  • Wound care: Regular cleaning, debridement, and dressing changes to promote healing of foot ulcers.
  • Offloading: Using orthotic devices, such as custom-made shoe inserts or specialized footwear, to redistribute pressure and relieve stress on vulnerable areas of the foot.
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: Involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber to promote wound healing by increasing oxygen levels in the bloodstream.

Surgical Intervention:

  • Debridement: Surgical removal of dead or infected tissue from foot ulcers to facilitate healing and prevent further complications.
  • Amputation: In severe cases of non-healing ulcers or irreparable tissue damage, surgical removal of part or all of the affected foot or lower limb may be necessary to prevent the spread of infection and improve overall quality of life.
  • Revascularization: Surgical procedures, such as angioplasty or bypass surgery, to restore blood flow to the lower extremities in individuals with peripheral artery disease (PAD) to prevent tissue damage and promote wound healing.
Frequently Asked Question on Diabetic Foot Care
What is diabetic foot care?

Diabetic foot care refers to the proactive management and preventive measures aimed at maintaining the health of the feet in individuals with diabetes. It involves regular foot inspections, proper hygiene, wearing appropriate footwear, and managing blood sugar levels effectively to prevent complications.

How often should I inspect my feet?

Individuals with diabetes should inspect their feet daily for any signs of injury, irritation, or changes in sensation. Daily foot inspections help detect problems early and prevent complications.

How can I prevent diabetic foot problems?

To prevent diabetic foot problems, it’s essential to maintain optimal blood sugar levels, practice proper foot hygiene, wear appropriate footwear, avoid smoking, and undergo regular foot examinations by a healthcare professional.

Can I trim my own toenails if I have diabetes?

Individuals with diabetes can trim their toenails, but it’s essential to do so carefully to avoid injury. Trim nails straight across and avoid cutting them too short or rounding the edges to prevent ingrown toenails.

When should I see a doctor about my feet?

Individuals with diabetes should see a doctor promptly if they notice any signs of foot problems, such as cuts, sores, swelling, or changes in sensation. Regular foot examinations by a healthcare professional are also recommended to prevent complications.