Comprehensive General Surgery and Care in Perumbakkam, Chennai

At NewGen Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai, we offer comprehensive general surgery services to address a wide range of medical conditions and surgical needs. Our team of experienced surgeons provides expert diagnosis, treatment, and post-operative care for various surgical procedures, including gastrointestinal surgeries, hernia repairs, appendectomies, and more. Whether you require elective surgery or emergency intervention, our dedicated team is committed to delivering personalized care and excellent outcomes. With state-of-the-art facilities and a patient-centered approach, we strive to ensure your comfort, safety, and speedy recovery throughout your surgical journey. Trust NewGen Hospital for personalized care and a commitment to your  health. Book your appointment today!

General surgery encompasses a vast array of surgical procedures aimed at addressing a wide range of medical conditions spanning the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal organs, endocrine system, and soft tissues. Surgeons in this field are trained to diagnose and treat various ailments, ranging from common conditions like appendicitis and hernias to more complex issues such as gallbladder disease, colorectal disorders, and different types of cancer.

Patients suffering from conditions such as appendicitis, where the appendix becomes inflamed and requires removal, or hernias, which involve a protrusion of organs or tissues through weakened abdominal muscles, often seek the expertise of general surgeons. Additionally, gallbladder disease, including the formation of gallstones, is a common reason for surgical intervention within the realm of general surgery.

In addition to gastrointestinal and abdominal conditions, general surgeons are also involved in addressing issues related to the endocrine system, such as thyroid disorders and adrenal gland abnormalities, as well as soft tissue problems like skin lesions and masses. Their comprehensive training enables them to manage a wide variety of medical issues and provide comprehensive care to patients across different specialties.

Treatment approaches in general surgery are diverse and tailored to each patient’s unique needs and medical condition. While minimally invasive techniques like laparoscopy are often preferred for their smaller incisions, quicker recovery times, and reduced postoperative pain, traditional open surgeries are still performed when necessary, particularly for complex cases or emergencies requiring immediate intervention.

Preoperative evaluation, surgical intervention, and postoperative care are meticulously managed by general surgeons to ensure optimal outcomes and patient recovery. From initial consultation and diagnosis to surgical procedure and follow-up visits, patients can expect thorough and compassionate care from their general surgeon, supported by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals.

Furthermore, general surgeons play a vital role in emergency trauma care, providing surgical intervention for injuries such as fractures, lacerations, and internal bleeding. Their expertise in trauma surgery enables them to quickly assess and address life-threatening injuries, saving lives and improving patient outcomes in critical situations. Overall, the breadth of knowledge and skills possessed by general surgeons makes them essential contributors to overall healthcare and patient well-being.

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Area of expertise ​

Diseases / Treatments:

Piles, medically known as hemorrhoids, are swollen and inflamed veins located in the rectum and anus, causing discomfort and distress. They can manifest internally, protruding through the anus during bowel movements, or externally, appearing as lumps around the anal opening. Common symptoms include bleeding, itching, pain, and swelling, often exacerbated by factors such as chronic constipation, straining during bowel movements, or pregnancy. Treatment typically involves lifestyle adjustments, topical treatments, and sitz baths to alleviate symptoms. In more severe cases, medical interventions like rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or surgical procedures may be necessary to remove or shrink the hemorrhoids and provide relief.

Anal fissures are small tears or cracks in the lining of the anus, often causing pain and discomfort during bowel movements. These fissures can result from trauma during passing stool, chronic constipation, or diarrhea. Common symptoms include sharp pain during or after bowel movements, bleeding, and itching. Treatment usually begins with conservative measures such as increasing fiber intake, using stool softeners, and practicing good anal hygiene. Topical medications or ointments may also be prescribed to promote healing and alleviate discomfort. In cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, medical procedures like sphincterotomy or botox injections may be recommended to relax the anal sphincter and facilitate healing. Early intervention and proper management can help alleviate symptoms and prevent complications associated with anal fissures.

An anal fistula is an abnormal tunnel-like tract that forms between the anal canal or rectum and the skin near the anus. It typically develops as a result of an infection in an anal gland, leading to the formation of an abscess that eventually ruptures and creates a passage for pus to drain out. Common symptoms of anal fistulas include persistent pain, swelling, redness, and discharge of pus or blood from the opening near the anus. Treatment for anal fistulas usually involves surgical intervention to remove the infected tissue, close the internal opening, and promote healing of the fistula tract. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are crucial to prevent complications and promote successful healing of anal fistulas.

A pilonidal sinus is a small tunnel or channel that forms under the skin between the buttocks, near the tailbone (coccyx). It typically occurs when hair, dirt, or debris becomes trapped in the skin, leading to infection and the formation of a sinus tract. Pilonidal sinuses often present with symptoms such as pain, swelling, redness, and drainage of pus or blood from an opening in the skin. Treatment for pilonidal sinuses usually involves drainage of any abscesses, followed by surgical removal of the sinus tract and surrounding tissue to prevent recurrence. Depending on the severity and extent of the condition, various surgical techniques may be employed, including incision and drainage, excision, or flap closure.

A perianal abscess is a painful collection of pus that forms in the tissues surrounding the anus. It typically develops as a result of an infection in the glands located near the anus, which can occur due to conditions such as anal fissures, inflammatory bowel disease, or sexually transmitted infections. Common symptoms of perianal abscesses include pain, swelling, redness, and warmth around the anus, as well as fever and drainage of pus or blood. Treatment for perianal abscesses usually involves drainage of the pus through a small incision to relieve pain and promote healing. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the underlying infection. However, surgical intervention may be necessary if the abscess is large or recurrent. Proper wound care and hygiene measures are essential to prevent complications and promote healing.

A hernia occurs when an organ or fatty tissue protrudes through a weak spot or tear in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue. This can result in a visible bulge or lump under the skin, often in the abdomen or groin area. Hernias can develop due to factors such as heavy lifting, persistent coughing, obesity, or pregnancy, which increase pressure on the abdominal wall. Common types of hernias include inguinal hernias (in the groin), umbilical hernias (around the belly button), and hiatal hernias (in the upper stomach). Symptoms of a hernia may include pain, discomfort, and swelling, especially when straining or lifting heavy objects. Treatment for hernias typically involves surgical repair to strengthen the weakened area and prevent the protrusion from recurring.

Appendicitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the appendix, a small pouch-like organ located in the lower right abdomen. The exact cause of appendicitis is often unclear but may involve blockage of the appendix by fecal matter, infection, or inflammation. Common symptoms of appendicitis include sudden onset of abdominal pain that typically starts near the belly button and then moves to the lower right side, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and fever. The pain may worsen with movement, coughing, or deep breathing. Appendicitis is considered a medical emergency and requires prompt treatment to prevent complications such as a ruptured appendix, which can lead to a life-threatening infection called peritonitis.

Circumcision is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the foreskin, the retractable fold of skin covering the tip of the penis. It is commonly performed for cultural, religious, or medical reasons. Circumcision is often carried out during infancy, although it can also be done later in life. The procedure is typically performed by a trained healthcare professional under local or general anesthesia. Benefits of circumcision may include reduced risk of urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and penile cancer. However, the decision to undergo circumcision is often based on personal, cultural, or religious beliefs, and it is important for individuals and parents to weigh the potential benefits and risks before making a decision.

Gallstones are solid particles that form in the gallbladder, a small organ located beneath the liver. They can vary in size from tiny grains to large stones and are typically composed of cholesterol or bilirubin, a pigment produced by the liver. Gallstones can develop when there is an imbalance in the substances that make up bile, a digestive fluid stored in the gallbladder. Risk factors for gallstones include obesity, rapid weight loss, a high-fat diet, genetics, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or liver disease. Many people with gallstones do not experience symptoms, but when symptoms do occur, they may include sudden and severe abdominal pain, particularly in the upper right abdomen, nausea, vomiting, and bloating.

Phimosis is a condition where the foreskin is tight and cannot be pulled back over the head of the penis, potentially causing discomfort and difficulty with hygiene. Paraphimosis occurs when the foreskin becomes trapped behind the head of the penis, leading to swelling and restricted blood flow, requiring immediate medical attention. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the condition, ranging from conservative measures such as topical creams and gentle stretching exercises to surgical intervention like circumcision in more severe cases of phimosis. For paraphimosis, prompt medical care is essential to prevent complications. Individuals experiencing symptoms of phimosis or paraphimosis should seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Digestive tract issues encompass a wide range of conditions affecting the organs involved in digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Common digestive tract issues include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastritis, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, gallstones, pancreatitis, and liver diseases like hepatitis and cirrhosis. Symptoms can vary depending on the specific condition but may include abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and changes in bowel habits. Treatment for digestive tract issues often involves dietary modifications, lifestyle changes, medications to manage symptoms, and in some cases, surgical interventions.

Hydrocele is a common condition in males, especially in newborns and older adults. It occurs when fluid accumulates in the sac around the testicle, known as the tunica vaginalis. This causes swelling in the scrotum, which might be painless or mildly uncomfortable.

In infants, hydroceles often resolve on their own within the first year of life. In adults, they can be caused by injury or inflammation within the scrotum, or they can develop as a result of other conditions such as orchitis (inflammation of the testicle) or epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis).

Frequently Asked Question


What conditions do general surgeons treat?

General surgeons treat a wide range of conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal organs, endocrine system, soft tissues, and more. Common conditions include appendicitis, hernias, gallbladder disease, colorectal disorders, and various types of cancer.

What are the treatment options for hernias?

Treatment options for hernias include watchful waiting with lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding heavy lifting, wearing supportive garments (like hernia belts), and surgical repair (herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty) to strengthen the weakened abdominal muscles and prevent recurrence.

Is surgery the only treatment option for gallstones?

Surgery (cholecystectomy) is often recommended for symptomatic gallstones or complications like cholecystitis or pancreatitis. However, for asymptomatic gallstones, lifestyle modifications and dietary changes may be suggested to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

What are the potential risks and complications associated with general surgery?

While general surgery is generally safe, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks, including infection, bleeding, blood clots, adverse reactions to anesthesia, and damage to surrounding tissues or organs. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you and take steps to minimize them.

How long do I need to stay in the hospital after surgery?

The length of hospital stay depends on the type of surgery performed, your overall health, and any complications that may arise. While some surgeries may require only a brief hospital stay or can be performed as outpatient procedures, others may necessitate a longer hospitalization for monitoring and recovery.

Will I need to follow any special dietary or lifestyle recommendations after surgery?

Your surgeon may provide dietary guidelines and recommend lifestyle modifications to support your recovery and prevent complications. This may include avoiding certain foods, gradually increasing physical activity, and adhering to any prescribed medications or follow-up appointments.

When can I resume normal activities after surgery?

The timeline for resuming normal activities varies depending on the type of surgery and individual factors. Your surgeon will provide specific guidance on activity restrictions, gradually increasing activity levels, and when it’s safe to return to work, exercise, and other daily routines.

What is laparoscopic surgery, and how does it differ from traditional open surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, involves making several small incisions through which a camera and specialized instruments are inserted to perform the procedure. This approach typically results in less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and quicker recovery compared to traditional open surgery, which requires a larger incision.