Cerebrovascular Disease Expert In Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Neurology

The journey of a Cerebrovascular patient begins with an neurologist who determines the best treatment. When necessary, the neurologist may seek help and advice from other medical professionals and/or psychologists.

Neurosurgery Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai

Understanding Cerebrovascular Illness

Conditions of Cerebrovascular Illness

Cerebrovascular conditions refer to a group of disorders that affect the blood vessels supplying the brain. These conditions can range from relatively mild to life-threatening and often require medical attention. Some common cerebrovascular conditions include:
  • Stroke: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. This can result in brain cell death and permanent brain damage. Strokes can be ischemic (caused by a blockage in a blood vessel) or hemorrhagic (caused by bleeding into the brain).
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Often referred to as a “mini-stroke,” a TIA is a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain. Symptoms are similar to those of a stroke but typically last for a shorter duration (usually minutes to hours) and do not cause permanent brain damage.
  • Cerebral Aneurysm: A cerebral aneurysm is a weakened area in the wall of a blood vessel in the brain that bulges or balloons out. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can cause a hemorrhagic stroke, leading to bleeding into the brain.
  • Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM): AVM is an abnormal tangle of blood vessels in the brain. This condition disrupts normal blood flow and increases the risk of bleeding into the brain.
  • Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis (CVST): CVST occurs when a blood clot forms in the venous sinuses of the brain, obstructing blood flow. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including headache, seizures, and neurological deficits.
  • Carotid Artery Disease: Carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing or blockage of the carotid arteries, which supply blood to the brain. This condition increases the risk of stroke.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding into the space between the membranes surrounding the brain. It is often caused by the rupture of an aneurysm and can lead to a sudden, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of consciousness.
  • Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Intracerebral hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel within the brain ruptures, causing bleeding directly into the brain tissue. This can result in neurological deficits and potentially life-threatening complications.

These conditions often require prompt medical evaluation and treatment to minimize the risk of complications and improve outcomes. 

Neurosurgery Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai


Cerebrovascular Illness in India

NewGen Hospital takes pride in offering a diverse array of treatment programs meticulously tailored to meet the unique needs of individuals facing cancer. Our dedicated team of professionals crafts personalized treatment plans that consider each patient’s specific circumstances.

Cerebrovascular conditions refer to a group of disorders that affect the blood vessels supplying the brain. These conditions can range from relatively mild to life-threatening and often require medical attention.

The conditions often require prompt medical evaluation and treatment to minimize the risk of complications and improve outcomes. Treatment may include medications, surgery, and lifestyle modifications aimed at reducing the risk factors associated with cerebrovascular disease, such as hypertension, diabetes, and smoking.

Treatment options for cerebrovascular disease aim to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of stroke.Treatment decisions are tailored to each individual based on factors such as the type and severity of cerebrovascular disease, overall health status, and risk factors. It’s essential for patients to work closely with their healthcare providers to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and goals.

We are here to provide you with top-notch care and guidance to tackle your problems.

Risk Factors

Several risk factors contribute to the development of cerebrovascular conditions. These risk factors can be broadly categorized into modifiable and non-modifiable factors:
  • Non-modifiable Risk Factors:
    – Age: The risk of cerebrovascular diseases increases with age, with older individuals being at higher risk.
    – Gender: Men tend to have a higher risk of stroke compared to pre-menopausal women, although the risk increases in women after menopause.
    – Family History: A family history of stroke or certain cerebrovascular conditions can increase an individual’s risk.
  • Modifiable Risk Factors:
    – Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Hypertension is one of the most significant risk factors for stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases. High blood pressure damages blood vessels over time, increasing the risk of blockages and ruptures.
    – Smoking: Tobacco smoking significantly increases the risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage blood vessels and promote the formation of blood clots.
    – Diabetes: Diabetes increases the risk of stroke by causing damage to blood vessels and promoting the development of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
    – High Cholesterol Levels: Elevated levels of cholesterol, particularly LDL cholesterol (often termed “bad” cholesterol), can lead to the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries, narrowing them and increasing the risk of stroke.
    – Obesity: Obesity is associated with other risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol, all of which contribute to an increased risk of cerebrovascular diseases.
    – Physical Inactivity: Lack of regular physical activity is linked to several risk factors for stroke, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes.
    – Unhealthy Diet: A diet high in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, and processed foods increases the risk of developing conditions such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity, which are risk factors for cerebrovascular diseases.
    – Excessive Alcohol Consumption: Heavy alcohol consumption can raise blood pressure and increase the risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases.
    – Drug Abuse: Certain drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines, can increase the risk of stroke due to their effects on blood vessels and blood pressure.

Managing and modifying these risk factors through lifestyle changes (such as adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake) and medical interventions (such as controlling blood pressure, managing diabetes, and taking medications to lower cholesterol) can significantly reduce the risk of developing cerebrovascular diseases. Regular medical check-ups and screenings can also help identify and manage these risk factors effectively.


To decrease the likelihood of getting a Cerebrovascular disease :
  • Manage high blood pressure: Control blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medication to reduce stroke risk.
  • Control cholesterol levels: Maintain healthy cholesterol levels with diet, exercise, and medication to prevent atherosclerosis and stroke.
  • Quit smoking: Stop smoking to lower the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, and blood clots, reducing the likelihood of stroke.
  • Control diabetes: Manage blood sugar levels through lifestyle and medication to reduce the risk of cerebrovascular disease in diabetics.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Adopt a healthy diet and exercise regimen to prevent hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes, reducing stroke risk.
  • Exercise regularly: Engage in regular physical activity to maintain heart health, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of stroke.
  • Limit alcohol consumption: Drink in moderation to prevent hypertension and reduce the risk of stroke.
  • Manage stress: Practice stress-reduction techniques to lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of cerebrovascular disease.
  • Seek treatment for heart conditions: Address heart issues promptly to prevent blood clots and stroke.
  • Regular medical check-ups: Attend preventive screenings and assessments to identify and manage risk factors for stroke early.

Aftercare Services

Aftercare is typically an extension of the main rehabilitation programs that’s aimed at supporting rehabilitation graduates to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Some people find it challenging to maintain normal functions , which is why it’s important that you enrol in an aftercare program.

Recovery is a life-long journey, and aftercare/ alumni programs are there to help you avoid the risk of relapsing. Most aftercare programs are a combination of regular checkups and rehabilitation. 


Here are some common treatments:

– Anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs: These medications help prevent blood clots from forming or getting larger, reducing the risk of stroke. Examples include aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin.
– Blood pressure medications: Drugs such as ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and diuretics can help control hypertension, a major risk factor for stroke.
– Cholesterol-lowering medications: Statins are commonly prescribed to lower LDL cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of atherosclerosis-related strokes.
– Medications for diabetes management: Insulin or oral antidiabetic drugs help control blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes, reducing the risk of cerebrovascular complications.

Lifestyle modifications:
– Adopting a healthy diet low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium, and rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help manage risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
– Regular exercise, such as aerobic activity and strength training, helps maintain cardiovascular health, control weight, and reduce the risk of stroke.
– Smoking cessation is crucial to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, and stroke.
– Limiting alcohol intake to moderate levels helps prevent hypertension and reduces the risk of stroke.

Surgical and interventional procedures:
– Carotid endarterectomy: This surgical procedure involves removing plaque buildup from the carotid arteries, reducing the risk of stroke in individuals with carotid artery disease.
– Angioplasty and stenting: In some cases of severe carotid artery stenosis, a minimally invasive procedure called angioplasty may be performed to widen the narrowed artery, often with the placement of a stent to keep it open.
– Aneurysm repair: Surgical clipping or endovascular coiling may be performed to treat cerebral aneurysms and prevent rupture and bleeding in the brain.
– Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treatment: Surgical removal, embolization, or stereotactic radiosurgery may be used to treat AVMs and reduce the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
– Decompressive craniectomy: In cases of severe ischemic stroke or traumatic brain injury with increased intracranial pressure, this surgical procedure involves removing part of the skull to relieve pressure on the brain.

– Stroke rehabilitation programs aim to help individuals regain lost function, improve mobility, and enhance quality of life after a stroke or other cerebrovascular event. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation.


Frequently Asked Questions About Cerebrovascular Illness
What is cerebrovascular disease?

Cerebrovascular disease refers to a group of conditions that affect the blood vessels supplying the brain, often leading to reduced blood flow or bleeding in the brain, which can cause strokes or other neurological problems.

What are the risk factors for cerebrovascular disease?

Risk factors include hypertension, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, family history of stroke, age, and certain medical conditions like atrial fibrillation and carotid artery disease.

What are the symptoms of cerebrovascular disease?

Symptoms may include sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body; difficulty speaking or understanding speech; sudden vision changes; severe headache; dizziness; and loss of balance or coordination.

How is cerebrovascular disease diagnosed?

Diagnosis may involve a physical examination, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans, blood tests, and other diagnostic procedures to assess blood flow and detect abnormalities in the brain’s blood vessels.

What are the treatment options for cerebrovascular disease?

Treatment may include medications to manage risk factors (such as anticoagulants, antihypertensives, and cholesterol-lowering drugs), lifestyle modifications (such as diet and exercise), surgical procedures (such as carotid endarterectomy or aneurysm repair), and rehabilitation therapies.

What can be done to prevent cerebrovascular disease?

Prevention strategies include controlling blood pressure, maintaining healthy cholesterol levels, quitting smoking, managing diabetes, adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise routine, limiting alcohol intake, managing stress, and seeking medical attention for heart conditions. Regular medical check-ups and screenings are also important for early detection and management of risk factors.

How can patients and families access additional resources?

The department offers resources like support groups, educational materials, and referrals to other healthcare professionals to address comprehensive needs throughout the cancer journey.