Osteoarthritis management Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Osteoarthritis management

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It happens when the cartilage that lines your joints is worn down or damaged and your bones rub together when you use that joint. We are here to provide you with top-notch care and guidance to tackle your problems.

Dry Needling Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai

Understanding Osteoarthritis management

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis(a condition that affects your joints). Healthcare providers sometimes refer to it as degenerative joint disease or OA. It happens when the cartilage that lines your joints is worn down over time and your bones rub against each other when you use your affected joints.

Usually, the ends of bones in your joints are capped in a layer of tough, smooth cartilage. Cartilage is like a two-in-one shock absorber and lubricant — it helps the bones in your joints move past each other smoothly and safely. If you have osteoarthritis, the cartilage in your affected joints wears away over time. Eventually, your bones rub against each other when you move your joints.

Dry Needling Hospital in Perumbakkam, Chennai


Types of Osteoarthritis

A healthcare provider might classify osteoarthritis as one of two types:

  • Primary osteoarthritis is the most common form of osteoarthritis that develops in your joints over time. Experts think it’s usually caused by normal wear and tear of using your joints throughout your life.
  • Secondary osteoarthritis happens when something directly damages one of your joints enough to cause osteoarthritis. Injuries and traumas are common causes of secondary osteoarthritis. Other types of arthritis can damage the cartilage in your joints enough to cause osteoarthritis, too.

What causes Osteoarthritis?

Experts aren’t sure what causes osteoarthritis. Primary osteoarthritis usually develops slowly as you age. As you get older, normal wear and tear on your joints might contribute to their cartilage breaking down.

Anything that directly damages your joints can also cause osteoarthritis, including:

  • Sports injuries
  • Falls.
  • Car accidents.
  • Health conditions that affect your joints, like Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or joint hypermobility syndrome

Other forms of arthritis (specifically inflammatory arthritis) can cause osteoarthritis, including:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Psoriatic arthritis.

How is Osteoarthritis Diagnosed?

A healthcare provider will diagnose osteoarthritis with a physical exam and imaging tests. They’ll look at your joints and ask you when you first noticed any symptoms. Tell them if any activities make your symptoms worse, or if they come and go.

How can I prevent Osteoarthritis?

The best way to prevent osteoarthritis is to maintain good overall health, including:

  • Avoiding tobacco products.
  • Doing low-impact exercise.
  • Following a diet plan that’s healthy for you.
  • Always wearing your seatbelt.
  • Wearing proper protective equipment for any activity, sport or work you’re doing.
  • Visiting a healthcare provider for regular checkups and as soon as you notice any changes in your joints.


Medication: Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers can help reduce pain and inflammation. You might need medication you take by mouth or topical pain relievers (creams, ointments or patches you put on your skin near your affected joints).
Exercise: Moving your joints can relieve stiffness and strengthen the muscles around them. Low-impact activities like swimming, water aerobics and weight training can all help. Your provider might recommend that you work with a physical therapist
Heat and cold therapies: Applying heat or cold to your affected joints might help relieve pain and stiffness. Your provider will tell you how often (and for how long) you should apply a heating pad, ice packs or a cool compress.
Complementary therapy:Complementary therapies may work alongside other treatment options. Examples of complementary medicine include accupunture, massage, meditation, tai chi and dietary supplements. Talk to your provider before you start taking any herbal or dietary supplements.
Supportive devices: Wearing shoe inserts or a brace can support and stabilize your joints. Using a cane or walker can take pressure off your affected joints and help you move safely.
Surgery: Most people don’t need surgery to treat osteoarthritis. Your provider might recommend surgery if you’re experiencing severe symptoms and other treatments haven’t worked. You might need a joint replacement(arthroplasty) Your provider or surgeon will tell you what to expect.
Frequently Asked Question on Osteoarthritis
What is Osteoarthritis (OA)?
Osteoarthritis, often referred to as “wear and tear” arthritis, is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility.
What Joints are Most Commonly Affected by Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body but commonly affects weight-bearing joints such as the knees, hips, and spine, as well as the hands, fingers, and toes.
How Does Osteoarthritis Differ from Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two different types of arthritis with distinct causes and characteristics. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, while rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints.
What Can I Do to Manage Osteoarthritis Symptoms at Home?
Self-care measures that may help manage osteoarthritis symptoms at home include staying physically active with low-impact exercises, applying heat or cold packs to affected joints, maintaining a healthy weight, using assistive devices (such as braces or splints), and practicing joint-friendly techniques for daily activities.
Is Osteoarthritis a Progressive Disease?
Osteoarthritis is considered a progressive disease, meaning that joint damage and symptoms may worsen over time. However, the progression of osteoarthritis can vary greatly among individuals, and early diagnosis and appropriate management can help slow disease progression and improve quality of life.
What Causes Osteoarthritis?
The exact cause of osteoarthritis is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, mechanical, and environmental factors. Factors that may contribute to OA include aging, joint injury or overuse, obesity, and joint misalignment.