Your Trusted Partner in Melasma

Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by dark, discolored patches on the skin, typically on the face. While it’s not harmful, it can affect your confidence and quality of life. We are here to provide you with expert care and comprehensive guidance to effectively manage and treat your Melasma, helping you achieve clear and radiant skin.

Understanding Melasma

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin condition that leads to the development of dark, discolored patches on the skin, most commonly on the face. It often appears on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip, but it can also occur on other parts of the body that are frequently exposed to the sun, such as the forearms and neck.

What are the types of Melasma?

Melasma is generally classified into three main types based on the depth of pigment in the skin: epidermal, dermal, and mixed. Here’s a brief overview of each type:

  1. Epidermal Melasma: This type affects the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis. It is characterized by well-defined, dark brown patches. Epidermal melasma is often easier to treat compared to other types because the pigment is closer to the skin’s surface, making it more responsive to topical treatments and procedures like chemical peels and microdermabrasion.

  2. Dermal Melasma: Dermal melasma involves the deeper layer of the skin, the dermis. It presents as lighter brown or bluish-gray patches with less defined borders. This type is more challenging to treat because the pigment is located deeper within the skin. Treatments like laser therapy and certain topical agents may be required, but results can be less predictable compared to epidermal melasma.

  3. Mixed Melasma: As the name suggests, mixed melasma has characteristics of both epidermal and dermal types. It appears as a combination of light and dark brown patches, often with a mixed pattern on the skin. Because it involves both layers of the skin, mixed melasma typically requires a combination of treatments, including topical creams, chemical peels, and laser therapy, to achieve the best results.

What are the symptoms of Melasma?

  • Brown or Gray-Brown Patches
  • Symmetrical Distribution
  • Facial Areas Affected
  • Possible Extension to Other Areas
  • Gradual Onset

What causes Melasma?

  1. Sun Exposure: UV radiation stimulates melanocytes, leading to increased pigment production.
  2. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, contraceptive use, or hormone therapy can trigger melasma.
  3. Genetics: A family history of melasma increases the likelihood of developing the condition.
  4. Skin Type: People with darker skin are more susceptible due to more active melanocytes.
  5. Certain Medications: Drugs that increase sun sensitivity can contribute to the development of melasma.

How is it diagnosed?

  • Visual Examination: A dermatologist examines the skin for characteristic dark patches and their distribution.
  • Wood’s Lamp Examination: A special UV light helps determine the depth of the pigment in the skin.
  • Medical History: The dermatologist reviews your medical history, including any hormonal changes, medication use, and family history.
  • Skin Biopsy (Rarely Needed): In uncertain cases, a small skin sample may be taken to rule out other conditions and confirm the diagnosis.

How do you treat Melasma?

  1. Sun Protection: Use broad-spectrum sunscreen with high SPF daily to prevent further pigmentation.
  2. Topical Treatments:
    • Hydroquinone: Lightens the skin by inhibiting melanin production.
    • Tretinoin and Corticosteroids: Often combined with hydroquinone to enhance skin lightening.
    • Azelaic Acid: Helps reduce pigmentation.
    • Kojic Acid: Another skin-lightening agent.
  3. Procedures:
    • Chemical Peels: Exfoliates the skin to reduce pigment.
    • Microdermabrasion: Removes the outer layer of skin to lighten dark patches.
    • Laser Therapy: Targets deeper pigment with precision.
    • Light-Based Treatments: Uses intense pulsed light to reduce pigmentation.
  4. Oral Medications: In some cases, oral tranexamic acid may be prescribed to manage melasma.
  5. Skincare Routine: Incorporate products with active ingredients like vitamin C and niacinamide to maintain results and prevent recurrence.
Frequently Asked Questions on Melasma
Who is at risk of developing melasma?

People with darker skin types, a family history of melasma, and those experiencing hormonal changes (e.g., pregnancy, birth control use) are at higher risk.

Can melasma be cured?

While melasma can be managed and its appearance significantly reduced, it is often a chronic condition that can recur, especially with sun exposure.


How effective are topical treatments for melasma?

Topical treatments can be effective, especially when used consistently and combined with sun protection. Results vary based on the type and depth of melasma.


Can melasma go away on its own?

In some cases, especially when triggered by pregnancy or certain medications, melasma can fade on its own after the trigger is removed. However, persistent cases often require treatment.

How can I prevent melasma from worsening?

Prevent melasma from worsening by using broad-spectrum sunscreen daily, wearing protective clothing, avoiding excessive sun exposure, and following a dermatologist-recommended skincare routine.