Kidney Transplant Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Kidney Transplant

A kidney transplant is a life-changing procedure that offers hope and renewed vitality to individuals with kidney failure. We are here to provide exceptional care and guidance throughout the kidney transplant journey, from evaluation and preparation to post-transplant care and long-term management.

Understanding Kidney Transplant

What is Kidney Transplant?

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased or failed kidney with a healthy kidney from a donor. It is typically recommended for individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or advanced kidney failure who are no longer able to sustain life without dialysis or transplantation. During the transplant surgery, the diseased kidney is removed, and the healthy donor kidney is placed into the recipient’s body. The new kidney then takes over the function of filtering waste products and excess fluids from the blood, restoring kidney function and improving overall health and quality of life for the recipient. Kidney transplantation is considered the most effective treatment option for eligible patients with kidney failure, offering the potential for long-term survival and freedom from dialysis.

Who needs Kidney Transplant?

  • Individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or advanced kidney failure.
  • Patients whose kidney function is significantly impaired and can no longer sustain life without dialysis.
  • Those experiencing complications of kidney failure such as fluid retention, electrolyte imbalances, and uremia.
  • Individuals with progressive kidney disease despite medical management.
  • Patients seeking a long-term solution to kidney failure that offers improved quality of life and survival compared to dialysis.

What are the benefits of Kidney Transplant?

  • Restoration of kidney function, allowing for improved filtration of waste products and excess fluids from the blood.
  • Elimination or reduction of the need for dialysis, providing greater freedom and flexibility in daily life.
  • Improved quality of life, including increased energy levels, reduced symptoms of kidney failure, and fewer dietary restrictions.
  • Potential for better long-term survival compared to remaining on dialysis.
  • Reduction in cardiovascular risk factors associated with kidney failure.
  • Opportunity for increased mobility, participation in activities, and employment opportunities.
  • Potential for returning to a more normal lifestyle with fewer medical appointments and treatment sessions.
  • Better control of blood pressure and management of associated complications.
  • Potential for improved mental and emotional well-being, including reduced stress and anxiety related to kidney failure and dialysis.

What happens during the procedure?

  • Preparation: The recipient is prepared for surgery, which may involve administering anesthesia and ensuring vital signs are stable. The surgical team also prepares the donor kidney for transplantation.

  • Donor Kidney Removal: If the transplant is from a deceased donor, the donor kidney is procured through a surgical procedure. If the transplant is from a living donor, the donor undergoes a separate surgery to remove one of their kidneys.

  • Recipient Surgery: The recipient undergoes surgery to remove the failed kidney(s) and prepare the recipient’s body to receive the donor kidney. This may involve making an incision in the abdomen or side.

  • Transplantation: The donor kidney is carefully implanted into the recipient’s body. Blood vessels from the donor kidney are connected to blood vessels in the recipient, and the ureter (tube that carries urine) from the donor kidney is attached to the recipient’s bladder.

  • Closure: Once the donor kidney is securely in place and functioning, the surgical team closes the incision(s) and applies bandages or dressings.

  • Recovery: The recipient is taken to a recovery area where vital signs are monitored closely. Pain management, fluid balance, and kidney function are closely monitored in the immediate postoperative period.

What are the risks involved?

  • Rejection: The recipient’s immune system may recognize the donor kidney as foreign and attack it.
  • Infection: Risk of developing infections due to immunosuppressive medications and surgical procedures.
  • Side Effects of Medications: Immunosuppressive medications may increase the risk of infections, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other complications.
  • Surgical Complications: Potential for bleeding, blood clots, wound infection, or damage to surrounding organs during surgery.
  • Delayed Graft Function: The transplanted kidney may take time to function properly, requiring temporary dialysis.
  • Organ Failure: Rare instances of the transplanted kidney not functioning as expected or failing over time.
  • Cardiovascular Issues: Increased risk of heart disease and stroke due to factors such as high blood pressure and medication side effects.
  • Cancer: Some immunosuppressive medications may increase the risk of certain types of cancer over time.
  • Psychological Impact: Emotional challenges such as anxiety, depression, or stress related to the transplant process and lifelong management.
  • Financial Burden: Costs associated with the transplant procedure, medications, follow-up care, and potential lifestyle changes.
Frequently Asked Question on Kidney Transplant
How does kidney replacement differ from dialysis?

Kidney replacement involves surgically transplanting a healthy kidney into the recipient’s body, whereas dialysis uses a machine to filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood artificially.

What are the advantages of kidney replacement over dialysis?

Kidney replacement offers the potential for improved quality of life, increased energy levels, fewer dietary restrictions, and better long-term survival compared to dialysis.

How long does a transplanted kidney last?

The lifespan of a transplanted kidney varies depending on factors such as the recipient’s overall health, compatibility with the donor, and adherence to medication and follow-up care. On average, a kidney transplant can last 10 to 15 years or longer.


How long is the recovery period after kidney replacement surgery?

The recovery period varies for each individual but typically involves several weeks to months of healing and rehabilitation. Patients are closely monitored for signs of organ rejection and complications during this time.


Can anyone be a kidney donor?

No, potential kidney donors undergo extensive medical and psychological evaluations to ensure they are healthy and suitable candidates for donation. Living donors must also be willing to undergo surgery and recovery.


What is the process for finding a kidney donor?

Patients in need of a kidney transplant are evaluated for compatibility with potential living donors, including family members, friends, and altruistic donors. If a suitable match is found, the transplant surgery is scheduled.