Joint Replacement SurgeryExpert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint replacement surgery is a transformative procedure designed to alleviate pain and restore mobility in individuals suffering from severe joint damage or arthritis. At our facility, we are dedicated to providing exceptional care and guidance throughout your joint replacement journey, ensuring the best possible outcomes for your health and quality of life.

Understanding Joint Replacement Surgery

What is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint replacement surgery is a medical procedure in which a damaged or diseased joint is surgically removed and replaced with an artificial joint, often made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. This surgery is typically performed to relieve pain and restore function in joints severely affected by conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic injury. The most common types of joint replacement surgeries are hip and knee replacements, although replacements for other joints, such as shoulders, elbows, and ankles, can also be performed.

Who needs Joint Replacement Surgery?

  • Severe Joint Pain: Individuals experiencing chronic, severe joint pain that interferes with daily activities and quality of life.
  • Limited Mobility: Those who have significant loss of mobility and joint function, making it difficult to perform everyday tasks.
  • Ineffective Non-Surgical Treatments: Patients who have not found relief from other treatments such as medications, physical therapy, or lifestyle changes.
  • Advanced Arthritis: Individuals with advanced stages of arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, causing extensive joint damage.
  • Joint Deformity: Those with significant joint deformity or structural abnormalities affecting joint function.
  • Traumatic Injury: Patients with severe joint damage due to trauma or injury that cannot be repaired by other means.
  • Degenerative Joint Disease: Individuals with progressive degenerative joint diseases that lead to worsening pain and disability.

What are the benefits of Joint Replacement Surgery?

  • Pain Relief: Significant reduction or elimination of chronic joint pain.
  • Improved Mobility: Enhanced ability to move and perform daily activities.
  • Better Quality of Life: Increased overall quality of life and well-being.
  • Joint Function Restoration: Improved joint function and range of motion.
  • High Success Rates: Proven track record of successful outcomes and patient satisfaction.
  • Increased Activity Levels: Ability to return to active and physically demanding lifestyles.

What happens during the procedure?

  • Anesthesia: The patient is given anesthesia, which can be general (putting the patient to sleep) or regional (numbing the specific area).

  • Incision: The surgeon makes an incision over the affected joint to access the damaged area.

  • Removal of Damaged Joint: The damaged or diseased parts of the joint, including bone and cartilage, are carefully removed.

  • Preparation of Joint Surfaces: The remaining healthy bone is prepared to fit the artificial joint components.

  • Implantation: The artificial joint components, usually made of metal, plastic, or ceramic, are positioned and secured in place. They may be cemented into place or pressed to allow the bone to grow onto them.

  • Alignment and Testing: The surgeon ensures that the new joint is properly aligned and tests its range of motion and stability.

  • Closure: The incision is closed with sutures or staples, and a sterile bandage is applied.

  • Recovery: The patient is moved to a recovery room to begin the postoperative healing process, which includes monitoring and initial physical therapy.

What are the risks involved?

  • Infection: Risk of infection at the surgical site.
  • Blood Clots: Potential for developing blood clots in the legs or lungs.
  • Implant Issues: Loosening, wear, or dislocation of the artificial joint.
  • Nerve Damage: Possible damage to surrounding nerves during surgery.
  • Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after the procedure.
  • Allergic Reactions: Reaction to anesthesia or materials used in the prosthesis.
  • Joint Stiffness: Limited range of motion or joint stiffness post-surgery.
Frequently Asked Question on Joint Replacement Surgery
How long is the recovery period?

Recovery times vary, but patients typically begin physical therapy shortly after surgery and may take several weeks to months to fully recover, depending on the type of joint replaced and individual health factors.

How long do artificial joints last?

Artificial joints typically last 15-20 years, but longevity can vary based on factors like activity level, weight, and overall health.

Can I resume normal activities after joint replacement surgery?

Most patients can resume many normal activities after recovery, but high-impact activities may need to be limited to prolong the life of the artificial joint.


Are there alternatives to joint replacement surgery?

Alternatives include medications, physical therapy, joint injections, and lifestyle changes. These options may help manage symptoms but may not be as effective as surgery for severe joint damage.

How should I prepare for joint replacement surgery?

Preparation includes discussing the procedure with your surgeon, undergoing preoperative tests, arranging for post-surgery assistance, and following any preoperative instructions regarding medications and fasting.