Allergic Disorders Expert in Perumbakkam

Your Trusted Partner in Allergic Disorders

Allergy occurs when a person reacts to substances in the environment that are harmless to most people. We are here to provide you with top-notch care and guidance to tackle your problems.

Understanding Allergic Disorders

What are Allergic Disorders?

Pediatric allergic disorders encompass a variety of conditions where children’s immune systems react excessively to typically harmless substances. Common pediatric allergic disorders include:

  1. Allergic Rhinitis: Also known as hay fever, allergic rhinitis causes symptoms such as sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, itching, and nasal congestion due to allergens like pollen, dust mites, or pet dander.

  2. Asthma: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways that can be triggered by allergens, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

  3. Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema): Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed patches of skin. It often occurs in children with a family history of allergic disorders.

  4. Food Allergies: Food allergies involve the immune system reacting to specific proteins in certain foods, leading to symptoms such as hives, itching, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, or even life-threatening anaphylaxis.

  5. Allergic Conjunctivitis: This condition causes red, itchy, and watery eyes due to exposure to allergens like pollen, pet dander, or mold spores.

  6. Drug Allergies: Some children may develop allergic reactions to certain medications, resulting in symptoms such as rash, hives, itching, swelling, or more severe reactions like anaphylaxis.

  7. Insect Sting Allergy: Children who are allergic to insect stings may experience localized swelling, redness, itching, or more severe reactions like anaphylaxis after being stung by insects such as bees, wasps, or hornets.

  8. Contact Dermatitis: Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with allergens like certain soaps, cosmetics, or metals, leading to redness, itching, and inflammation of the skin.

Causes of Allergic Disorders

Pediatric allergic disorders can have various causes, often involving a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Common causes include:

  1. Genetic Factors: Children with a family history of allergic disorders are more likely to develop allergies themselves, indicating a genetic component to these conditions.

  2. Environmental Allergens: Exposure to allergens such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mold spores, and certain foods can trigger allergic reactions in susceptible children.

  3. Early Childhood Exposures: Early exposure to allergens or irritants during infancy or childhood, such as through breastfeeding, diet, or environmental factors, may influence the development of allergic disorders.

  4. Hygiene Hypothesis: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that reduced exposure to infections and microbes in early childhood may lead to an overactive immune response and an increased risk of developing allergies.

  5. Immune System Dysregulation: Dysregulation of the immune system, such as an imbalance between different types of immune cells or an exaggerated immune response to harmless substances, can contribute to the development of allergic disorders.

  6. Environmental Pollution: Exposure to environmental pollutants, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and chemicals in household products, may increase the risk of developing allergic disorders in children.

  7. Dietary Factors: Early introduction of certain foods, such as peanuts or cow’s milk, before the age of six months, or maternal diet during pregnancy and breastfeeding, may influence the development of food allergies in children.

  8. Microbial Exposures: Imbalance in the gut microbiota or reduced exposure to beneficial microbes in early childhood may impact immune system development and increase susceptibility to allergic disorders.

To reduce pediatric allergic disorders, consider the following strategies:

  1. Allergen Control: Minimize exposure to allergens like pollen, dust mites, and pet dander by using covers on bedding and keeping pets out of bedrooms.

  2. Healthy Diet: Encourage a balanced diet with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting processed foods.

  3. Breastfeeding: Breastfeed infants exclusively for the first six months if possible.

  4. Avoid Smoke: Steer clear of tobacco smoke during pregnancy and after birth.

  5. Immunizations: Ensure children receive recommended vaccinations.

  6. Clean Indoor Air: Use HEPA filters in air purifiers and vacuums to remove allergens.

  7. Hygiene: Promote regular handwashing to prevent infections.

  8. Outdoor Precautions: Keep windows closed during high pollen seasons and limit outdoor activities.

  9. Regular Check-ups: Schedule regular visits with a pediatrician or allergist for early detection and management.

  10. Education: Educate children, parents, caregivers, and school staff about allergic triggers and management.


  1. Allergen Avoidance: Minimize exposure to known allergens through environmental controls, such as using air purifiers, allergen-proof bedding, and avoiding triggers like pollen, dust mites, and pet dander.

  2. Medications: Depending on the specific allergic condition, medications such as antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, leukotriene inhibitors, and bronchodilators may be prescribed to relieve symptoms and manage inflammation.

  3. Allergy Shots (Immunotherapy): Allergy shots involve regular injections of small amounts of allergens to desensitize the immune system over time, reducing the severity of allergic reactions.

  4. Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT): Similar to allergy shots, SLIT involves placing drops of allergen extracts under the tongue to gradually desensitize the immune system to specific allergens.

  5. Topical Treatments: Topical corticosteroids, antihistamine creams, and emollients may be used to manage symptoms of allergic skin conditions such as eczema.

  6. Biologic Therapies: In severe cases of allergic disorders such as asthma, biologic therapies targeting specific immune pathways may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and prevent exacerbations.

  7. Education and Counseling: Educating children and their families about allergen avoidance, symptom recognition, medication use, and emergency management of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) is essential for effective treatment.

  8. Environmental Controls: Implementing environmental controls to reduce allergen exposure at home, school, and other environments can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

  9. Nutritional Counseling: For children with food allergies, nutritional counseling from a registered dietitian can help ensure they maintain a balanced diet while avoiding allergenic foods.

  10. Collaborative Care: Collaboration among pediatricians, allergists, immunologists, dermatologists, and other healthcare providers is essential for comprehensive management and treatment of pediatric allergic disorders, tailored to each child’s specific needs and preferences.

Frequently Asked Questions on Allergic Disorders
What are pediatric allergic disorders?

Pediatric allergic disorders are conditions in which a child’s immune system reacts excessively to typically harmless substances, triggering allergic reactions.

What are common pediatric allergic disorders?

Common pediatric allergic disorders include allergic rhinitis (hay fever), asthma, atopic dermatitis (eczema), food allergies, allergic conjunctivitis, and drug allergies.

Are pediatric allergic disorders life-threatening?

While most pediatric allergic disorders are not life-threatening, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to certain allergens, such as food or insect stings, can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.

What do bad allergies feel like?

Your body releases histamines to go after the allergens, just as it does when fighting a cold. This can cause swelling in your nasal passages, a runny nose, cough, sneezing and itchy, watery eyes.